Brain Health

Eat Pomegranate And Strength Your Immune System, Now!

Pomegranate is a fruit that has always been known as a symbol of healthy life. It has a strong antioxidant effect and many health benefits. Anti-inflammatory, antiviral and antibacterial. This is one of best healing fruit because of a number of beneficial impacts.

So, below you can find out which health benefits are hiding in this juicy and delicious fruit- pomegranate!

Protects against colds

Because of the combination of sweet and sour flavors, this special fruit contains a lots of vitamin C. Can be added to yogurt, salads or just to be eaten alone. Additionally, it contains vitamin B and folic acid. Containing antioxidants to help in preventing colds and cardiovascular disease.

Protects the heart and blood vessels

Another feature is that this power fruit is excellent for cardiovascular health. Reduces high blood pressure, protects the heart, preventing the development of diseases, regulate cholesterol and accelerates the process of destruction of fat from the blood vessel walls.

Helps in weight loss
This power fruit is rich with vitamin C and B complex vitamins (B2, B3 and B5). In addition to these vitamins can be found potassium and phosphorus. Pomegranate does not contain a lot of calories and is rich with fiber. 100 g pomegranate contains about 83 calories and 4 grams of dietary fiber. Pomegranate helps reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases and helps in the regulation of body weight. It supplies the body with vitamins C and K.
Prevents the development of cancer

Full of phytochemicals, pomegranate have many positive effects on health. Polyphenols have strong antioxidant properties, which help in prevention of tumor growth and contribute to the growth and restoration of healthy cells in the body. Studies have shown that pomegranate is excellent in preventing the development of cancer of the breast, prostate, colon.

As a result of the power of this healthy fruit, here are some health benefits:

Lowers blood pressure
Fights against cardiovascular disease
Helps in preventing cancer
Protects against stroke
Prevents colds and flu
Relieves cough
Relieves digestive problems

Brain Food To Eat And Concentrate Better

Always the dilemma, which brain food to choose, or is it caffeine better after all? That is why we have prepared this list, make sure to follow it the next time you need a concentration boost.


Caffeine is making you more alert. That is why it is good to digest some of it, or drink coffee simply. But do not over-do it as it is bringing some consequences as well. The impact is short term so you need to consider some other sources too.


Sugar level should be kept high. The sugar is the one brain food that is feeding the brain and keeping it fresh as well. If you don’t mind gaining few pounds get a chocolate bar and eat away, watch the concentration flow in you. The sugar level will increase the memory which we so much need.


Breakfast is still the most important meal of the day. Eating breakfast after you wake up is the best thing to do for your body and yourself. It is going to make you more alert and the brain food will be delivered for the beginning of the day.


Fish is brain food, do not deny it! Eating two servings of fish week after week will flow the omega-3 unsaturated fats in the body and it is going to be thankful to you. Dementia has been lowered as well as the stroke dangers. Two more reasons to eat fish and enjoy it too.


Nuts, chocolate, whole grains – they are all in the cart. Fiber and vitamin E can be especially of contribution for the brain. Do not skip a bowl of nuts mixed with some chocolate squares, at least while preparing for the big meeting ahead of you.

There are a few steps to follow for your big day tomorrow:

1.Sleep well and about 8 hours

2.Get a great healthy breakfast (including brain food)

3.Make sure to exercise for at least 10 minutes before leaving the home.

Baking Soda Uses: A Miracle That You Have At Home

This seems to be simple white powder, which is also extremely cheap, but baking soda uses are very helpful. Each of us should make sure to have on hand, because the formula is suitable for a wide range of domestic baking soda uses. This product can be used as a substitute for the numerous, often much more expensive products. Here is how baking soda works for you!

It is ideal for tooth whitening, which can be done by depositing to the wet brush and rub your teeth. Or it can be use in a manner that is mixed with the toothpaste. This treatment, practice only occasionally and it’s enough every two weeks. If you regularly use dental floss, you will no longer need treatments for tooth whitening at the dentist.

It can be used in addition to fabric softener or instead of him. So, all who have tried this method, even say that their clothes have never been whiter and cleaner. Baking soda is a great friend to every washing machine. Baking soda also acts as a descaling solution from the washing machine.

You can also use it as a means to refresh the rooms or, neutralizing inconvenient smell, in places in the home where the traditional accumulates stink, as the trashcan. At the bottom shake out a small amount of baking soda and make sure it would retain the odors.

Baking soda uses has a medical property and is one of the oldest known means for combating nausea and abdominal pain. It’s great for gastritis and morning drowsiness when the night before go overboard with your favorite cocktails. Dilute one tablespoon of baking soda in a glass of water and pain will disappear.

The mixture of water and baking soda is an excellent alternative and guide for mouthwash and breath freshening. If this fluid is rinsed in your mouth, you will have the same effect as the effect from some expensive product, Almost all baking soda uses are completely natural, non-toxic and suitable for people prone to allergic reactions.

This miraculous powder product is also an ideal means for preparing detoxifying bath because baking soda has a beneficial effect on the skin. It can works like gentle peeling for your skin. Also, baking soda uses can help you for balancing the pH of the skin and reducing acidity in the body. Pure baking soda or mixed with a teaspoon of water can also be used to exfoliate the face, body, scalp, feet and hands, and as a mild natural deodorant.

So, follow these advises related  with baking soda uses, and please comment your experiences.


Warning to those who usually get up at midnight or early morning to urinate: You must take note of the “3 Half Minute Pauses”. Why is it important? It will greatly reduce the risk of sudden unexpected death. We often hear stories that a person who looks very healthy, suddenly died at night. The reason is that when a person wakes up at night to go to the bathroom, it’s often done hurriedly. Standing up too soon from a lying position causes lack of sufficient blood flow to the brain. That is why the “3 Half Minute Pauses” is very important. ECG pattern can change because of sudden change in body position affecting blood circulation to the brain eventually causing heart failure. You are advised to practice these:

1. When waking from sleep, lie in bed for the 1st half minute;

2. Sit in bed for the next half minute;

3. Lower your legs while sitting on the edge of the bed for the last half minute. After that series of half minute pauses, you won’t likely suffer from insufficient blood circulation to your brain, reducing the possibility of sudden unexpected death. Thanks for your valuable time and Share this info with family, friends & loved ones. It can affect any one regardless of Age.

4 Symptoms To Detect Cerebral Vascular Disease

When blood flow to the brain is interrupted, a heart attack or stroke can cause death or irreversible damage can occur.

In the world, this disease represents one of the leading causes of death in people over 55 years, and perhaps most importantly, the leading cause of disability or limitation to perform activities of daily living independently. As if this were not enough, it is the second cause of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease.

Cerebral Vascular Event (EVC) can occur when an artery becomes blocked causing disruption or sudden loss of cerebral blood flow (infarction or stroke) or be the result of the rupture of a vessel (hemorrhage or stroke).

But in turn each of them can be caused by different mechanisms, so that each patient is different studies necessary in order to try to establish treatments that reduce the risk of new events. In cerebral infarction or stroke may have several causes, but the most common is atherosclerosis, which corresponds to the deposition of cholesterol and other elements on the walls of blood vessels, which determines the reduction or blockage of blood flow to the brain. Other causes of stroke or stroke originate in the heart with blood clots coming from this point to the brain blocking the cerebral arteries. Cerebral hemorrhage or stroke is caused by the rupture of a cerebral artery, causing bloodshed in the brain. Its main cause is hypertension.

Symptoms to recognize this condition and warn about the urgency of medical care are:

  • Numbness, weakness or paralysis of the face, arm or leg on one or both sides of the body and appears suddenly or sudden. To assess this patient may be asked to smile, raise your arms and hold for 10 seconds raised space.
  • Sudden inability to communicate either by difficulty speaking or understanding. If you suspect that someone has this alteration it is suggested asking them to repeat a phrase like “Today is a sunny day” to assess whether understands and can produce language.

Other data that may be suspected of a bleeding mainly EVC type or stroke are:

  • Sudden onset of headache, high intensity.
  • The headache is accompanied by loss of consciousness.

These warning signs may last only a few minutes and then disappear, or can precede a stroke of serious consequences and require immediate medical attention.

A stroke is a medical emergency event. Every minute counts when someone is having a stroke. The longer the interruption of blood flow to the brain, the greater the damage. Immediate treatment can save the life of the person and increase your chances of a successful recovery.

10 Worst Mental Disorders

We reviewed ten mental disorders or psychopathology that are experienced with great distress.

Mental disorders are diagnosed relatively frequently in our day. Everyone has heard of any pathology related to mental health.

In fact, these mental (or mental illness) disorders have their origin in neurological and psychological disorders that in turn cause abnormal behavior in affected individuals.

Mental Illness: From the common to the bizarre

Most disorders are related to a specific area of the brain or nervous system, although the causes of each may vary and even be unknown to the scientific community.

Mental illness affects a lot of people. In statistical terms, there is talk that a third of the population suffer some form of mental disorder during their lifetime.

Then I will reveal a list containing some of the most severe mental disorders.

10. Antisocial personality disorder

The person suffering from this disorder is characterized by its tendency to interact in society, avoiding any interaction.

The various symptoms and behaviors that characterize the ASPD include: theft, aggression, tendency to loneliness, violence, lies … In addition, people affected by ASPD tend to be shy, depressed and have social anxiety. This last point is due to their fear of being rejected. However, psychological therapy is very effective in handling the problems of antisocial disorder.

9. Stockholm Syndrome

Stockholm Syndrome is a relatively common mental disorder in people who have been victims of a kidnapping. Show some kind of positive feeling toward their captors.

International police records show that about 27% of the victims of kidnappings have this disorder.

Stockholm Syndrome also applies in cases such as child abuse, rape or abuse. It is not a disorder that is alive so distressing, but much attention because it is difficult to understand.

8. Syndrome Lima

Lima Syndrome is precisely the opposite of Stockholm Syndrome disorder. In this case, the kidnappers show sympathy for his hostage.

This disorder was coined after an incident that occurred in the capital of Peru in 1996. The MRTA kidnapped hundreds of politicians, diplomats and military in the Japanese embassy in Lima. Hours later, the kidnappers were empathizing with the hostages, and were gradually releasing them.

7. Obsessive compulsive disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent thoughts that produce fear, anxiety, worry, compulsive behavior, etc.

Some of the symptoms of OCD are compulsive checking, washing or cleaning excessively, religious thoughts, nervous rituals such as opening the doors a certain number of times before entering the room, or irrational aversions to certain figures. Fortunately, psychotherapy and learn some habits allow a great quality of life to those affected.

6. Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning disorder. The dyslexic person can not read properly due to the discrepancy between the potential of learning and performance level, without there being any problems, whether sensory, physical, motor or educational deficiency. This causes certain imbalances in reading which in turn can cause other psychopathologies of learning and self-image.

As a result, people affected by dyslexia have serious problems reading comprehension. Fortunately, in our time intervention and treatment offer many guarantees to deal with this disorder and arrival adulthood, a large majority of dyslexics have no problem to write correctly.

5. SM

Selective mutism is a psychiatric disorder that causes the person is not able to speak in certain social or with certain people. Usually, selective mutism is associated with shyness and social anxiety.

It is relatively common in children. When they start their schooling, some do not utter a word, although fluent in their homes. Only continuity in time of this behavior can alarm us a case of MS. In most cases, the symptoms disappear gradually.

4. Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder caused by an abnormality in cognitive processes and by poor emotional response. The victim suffers from abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality. Commonly this condition as that in which the affected person hears many voices in his head are known, and these voices perceived as foreign to your body. These symptoms may occur or may not occur. General symptoms of the picture, however, often a language and disorganized thinking, delusions, hallucinations (within which they could refer the famous ‘voices’), affective disorders and inappropriate behavior.

Although it has been a vastly studied disorder, it is still considered a complex disorder with a great amalgam of symptoms. Psychiatric and psychological treatment has shown great efficacy in controlling this disorder.

3. Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative Identity Disorder or Multiple Personality Disorder is a disorder of identity. The person affected by this disorder develops a personality and shows different behaviors and behaviors in different situations.  It is often said that people change their behavior radically TID and then not remember that episode. It is one of the disorders which affected live more concern, as well as one of the most controversial in the scientific community because of the difficulty of psychometric devices to diagnose and lack of effective treatment. Anyway, in recent years there have been important steps in improving treatments.

2. Self-harm / suicide

The person suffering from this mental disorder tries to kill himself (or trying to get attention because these behaviors). These behaviors include cutting your hands or arms, burning, etc.

In this type of mental disorder, the person tries to self-harm or even suicide. Usually, this behavior may be motivated not achieve death, but in some kind of care they receive to show this behavior, which refers to a disorder that is often severe background.

1. Cotard syndrome

In this rare psychiatric disorder, the affected believed to have died, or has lost blood or an internal organ. This delirium can be dangerous because the deranged can act unpredictably. Often these behaviors are associated with nihilists and hypochondria cal personalities.

Cotard syndrome is named after Jules Cotard, who was the first doctor who diagnosed this strange condition. He described the different phases of the disorder in a letter written in Paris in the 1880 thesis.

People affected by the syndrome Cotard refuse social contact and neglect their personal well-being. Its cause often lies in neurological or mental pathologies, and is associated with derealization and depression.

Home Remedies For Depression

The Depression

Depression is one of the most widespread among the population and one of the main causes of psychological consultation and low in the workplace disorders.

Depression can be caused by many reasons and associated with isolated, prolonged or recurrent periods that require attention and individualized treatments, because not all people evolve in the same way before administering drugs or therapies help treatments that can be used together or separate.

Causes and treatments of depression

Sex, women are much more prone to depressive moods for what has been studied many times the possible relationship between hormonal fluctuations during, appearance and development of it. Although there is no conclusive findings on this point, a complete analysis can determine possible hormonal disorders that adversely affect mood and turn to a compensatory hormonal treatments when needed to relieve symptoms.

Stress is a nervous disorder that induces depression in many people who suffer and when that condition is linked to extreme situations that go beyond the physical or mental capacity of the affected, usually presents variations in the behavior pattern alternating mood swings and irritability along with depression.

Treatment for depression usually alternating stress generated by drugs and tranquilizers serotonin precursors among others. Chronic or degenerative diseases typically impair the psychological health of patients and their families affected plunging into deep states of depression that can be treated with psychotropic drugs and complementary therapies and support groups.

Traumatic event like a car accident or death of a family member can be a trigger for depression and require professional care and drug treatment to regain balance.

The lack of light has been shown to have a clear statistical impact on depressive diagnoses recorded worldwide and has been postulated as an explanation to the highest number of suicides that occur in countries with few hours of light at the end of the year.

Prolonged exposure to recreational drug use can cause severe depressive states and alter the perception of reality in those who consume condolences to think from a fatalistic perspective.

In these cases the cessation of drug dependent must be supplemented by appropriate psychological therapy and anxiety management if necessary to mitigate the adverse reactions caused by withdrawal symptoms that adversely affect depressive symptoms.

Other disorders of psychological origin as bipolarity also manifested by depressive phases that should be evaluated by a professional to determine the type associated with depression using combination therapies to address joint disorder symptoms.

Home Remedies for Depression

To avoid depression or control, there are several home remedies for depression that could help us, I followed you cite some.

1. St. John’s Wort (Hypericum)

Some studies suggest that taking supplements or extracts of St. John’s wort may have favorable effects against depression. In Germany many psychiatrists and medical doctors prescribe this herb quite often. Do not take this herb if you are taking any other medicines because it can have serious interactions with other drugs.

2. Chocolate

Eating chocolate may be ideal to remove depression, because the sugar and has the same properties that makes us change the mood and helps move depressive thoughts that have at that time. Many psychologists recommend eating chocolate during the depression. It is best taken in moderation.

3. Infusion Valerian

In people who have depression early, infusion of Valerian may be ideal to relax and therefore, help stop depression you have. It should be added in a glass of water, 3 drops of Valerian, it can be hot or cold, the objective of this is that the person can relax and forget depressive problems.

4. Rhodiola

It is a flowering plant that can help improve emotional balance of a person and reduce their anxiety and stress. also improves the transport of dopamine and serotonin in the hypothalamus and brain.

Tips for treating depression

1. Find help, although it seems the simplest thing can be the most difficult for those who are not yet aware of the problem or trying to assimilate step and does not want to involve his intimate setting making them share his situation.

Having the necessary support significantly increases the chances of success and those who are in your household outside that also use professional therapies, have higher cure rates and lower recidivism rate than those facing the problem on their own.

2. Make social life contributes effectively to improve mood in all people with a higher incidence in depressive states, because when enjoying good company there is no room for rejoicing in negative feelings.

3. Conduct during leisure time activities that are stimulating physically and intellectually and sport or a language course, ideally as far as possible is to exercise body and mind alike through combined programs.

4. Do not consume recreational and avoid using alcohol during treatment drugs, plus most of the drugs that are prescribed for depression are incompatible with their consumption.

5. Maintain a healthy lifestyle promoted by a good diet to ensure all the necessary nutrients to supply the basic body functions and correct use of the rest, it is the best way to help treat and shorten recovery time.

Pills To Improve Memory May Be You Never Heard Before

Pills to improve memory might help a bit to your brain to improve your ability to memorize facts and events. Since I saw eh film Limitless wanted a pill like in the movie, but actually there? and What are the best pills to improve memory? There is no miracle pill but the pills we show below can help you. Warning: Many hear that certain vitamins and supplements can improve memory and other brain functions, science determines that it is possible that this is true.

1. Piracetam

Piracetam is a nootropic drug, and is considered a neuroprotective agent. It increases energy, improves memory and concentration. It is a cyclic derivative of the neurotransmitter GABA. Enhances acetylcholine function enhancing neurotransmitter muscarinic cholinergic receptors, which are believed to be involved in memory. It is used in the treatment of attention disorders, memory transtornos to mental deterioration and disease Alzehimer. It is prescribed by doctors for the treatment of myoclonus. In some countries occupy prescriptions for purchase as it is used as psychiatric treatment. In recent years this drug has caused controversy since it is considered a “smart drug” or smart drug, is a popular use in students who take the pill frazzled with energy bebeidas to learn better.

2. Aniracetam

Aniracetam is another nootropic, precursor of acetylcholine, is analogue of Piracetam, he weighed it would be better than Piracetam. It is a fat-soluble drug and if it crosses the blood-brain barrier. It is believed it may have beneficial effects on cognitive functions, especially to improve memory. Protects neurons from toxic. Currently it used as an anxiolytic. This drug is used by prescription in Europe, the United States ah not been approved by the FDA.

3. Noopet

It is another nootropic, another called smart drugs, was developed in Russia with a cognitive drive. For some experts in supplements to the brain is the best drug for their potencia intelligent, cost and safety. It helps improve mental function and memory. Some website say is 1000 times more potent than piracetam, so the recommended dose is very small.

The mecanismo action is currently unknown. It is believed acts on receptors of some neurotransmitters, and helps improve the amount of oxygen and brain metabolism.

Noopet benefits

Improved memory short and long term, improving speed to remember. It is neuroprotective. It was developed as a drug to reverse the brain damage caused by alcohol and drug use. It is recommended to use 10 mg twice daily.

4. Omega 3 Fatty Acid

The capsules of fish oil, which have omega 3 fatty acid are ideal if you are one of those people who rarely eat fish meat naturally, as a supplement of fish oil helps prevent the loss of memory even prevention of Alzheimer’s. This type of fat helps protect against inflammation and high cholesterol. Be careful where you buy your omega-3 make sure they are long fatty acids omega-3 as nature wants chain. A good source is to buy (the world authority on anti-aging, send it to anywhere in Latin America)

5. Ginkgo Biloba

As a natural extract ginkgo biloba supplement, it is an extract from a natural herb that stimulates blood flow to the brain repairing their cells. You can consider taking a supplement of this natural herb because it has a level improving memory and even in adults reduces dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. We recommend purchasing a certified and made in America, because there a lot of fraud that do not use the right formula, you can acquire the certified shows sample.

10 Amazing Superfoods That Increase Brain Power

10 super foods that increase brain power. It includes some of these foods in your diet and gain not only health, but also in concentration, attention and memory. Foods that look after you and protect you. To protect the health of the brain and improve memory, the key is in power. We note the list of the 10 superfoods that help us to increase their power.

Foods that can not miss in a healthy and balanced diet. We not always pay due attention, although the brain is an essential organ. To promote brain function and enhance memory, we have a top ally, healthy diet. These are the 10 foods whose nutrients help the brain to function properly and to improve our ability to concentrate, focus and performance.

Food for the brain and memory

Broccoli: Rich in choline, a substance that promotes the development of brain cells and stimulates, neural connections essential for the proper functioning of the brain and memory. Broccoli is also an extraordinary source of vitamin K, to improve memory and stimulate cognitive functioning. In the case of women, these nutrients are essential during pregnancy to prevent neural tube defects in the baby. The advice: take broccoli three times a week.
Nuts: Allied exceptional for the brain thanks to its content of Omega 3, a real protector that improves cognitive skills and strengthens memory. Nuts are also rich in vitamin B6 and magnesium, nutrients that protect and improve the ability of the brain.
Turmeric: Recent research has found that curcumin, found in turmeric, can help reduce the risk of inflammation of the brain and of developing Alzheimer’s. Turmeric can be included in the diet as dressing dishes or adding a glass of warm milk.
Salmon: Source of essential fatty acids. Salmon is one of the most profitable fish health reports, and also the brain. In addition to Omega 3 (improves blood flow, prevents inflammation), is rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to help prevent Alzheimer’s.
Tomatoes: Tomatoes are an excellent food to protect the brain, thanks to its content of antioxidants (lycopene) that prevent the effects of free radicals in brain cells. To have a sharper memory and prevent cerebrovascular risks, eat tomatoes as an ingredient in salads, soups or tortillas. You can also take juice or eat raw.

Green Tea: Among the many benefits of green tea, recent research has found one more. And it is that tea can improve cognitive functions of the brain and help prevent dementia. Green tea enhances concentration, memory and reduces the risk of Parkinson’s. The advice: take between 2-3 cups of green tea a day.
Black Chocolate: A treat for the palate of gourmands and for the brain. Its caffeine content keeps us alert, but also the black chocolate is rich in flavonoids, good for the brain.
Blueberries: Eat blueberries active helps keep the brain active. Rich in flavonoids enhance memory, learning and other cognitive functions. Blueberries can also help reduce the risk for diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s. The advice: take half a cup of blueberries a day.
Pumpkin: Its content in folic acid and vitamin B12 protects the brain, especially nerve damage. Folic acid, meanwhile, also improves memory.
Spinach: Rich in nutrients like potassium, a mineral that helps enhance memory and thinking ability. Its antioxidant content makes spinach in a good protector. It is also rich in folic acid, magnesium and vitamins E and K.

In addition to including these foods in our diet to brain health also you have to take care of hydration. Water loss can affect concentration and memory. In fact, only to lose 2% of our body water content may appear a headache.

Most Well Guarded Secrets About Cognitive Enhancement

Find ways for cognitive enhancement would be much easier if we knew the mechanisms of intelligence half so well that we know the muscle strength, for example. Unfortunately, what it is not known about the mechanisms of cognition, i.e, which makes physically different less intelligent brain of a smarter brain and how to make the first look more like the second, is the most. Then, based on what we do know, we will review, without being exhaustive, what to do for cognitive enhancement with certain guarantees of success. Many of the suggestions made to improve the “intelligence” come from observational studies. And the question is “are people who take drugs smarter than those who do not?” These studies obtained correlations. And we know that correlation is not causation. In fact, few of these studies provide a causal relationship, this is a plausible mechanism by which drugs makes you smarter.

Literature Reivew About Cognitive Enhancement

A review of the literature on methods to maintain or improve cognitive function commissioned by the National Institutes of Health of the United States shows that the following products / practices have not proved effective appreciable improvement in cognitive performance, although there are individual studies that may indicate other (nope, we talk about what we talked about and nothing else;! many of these products have essential functions for the body and therefore must be consumed in sufficient quantity):

– Vitamin B6
– B12 vitamin
– Vitamin E
– Beta Carotene
– Folic acid
– Flavonoids
– Ethanol
– Omega 3

After a list like the one above who will stay with the impression that nothing works, and this is not so; all that happens is that nobody is going to sell at the moment, IQ points in pills, so much to advertise and we so believe. Increased research in neuroscience in recent years is finding (slowly) the mechanisms of cognition. Although it is still much that is unknown, it has accumulated sufficient information on the basis synaptic circuits and level to be able to tell what processes contribute to cognition. Greater cognitive ability is the result of having more neurons and synapses, higher levels of neurogenesis (the creation of new neurons, especially in the hippocampus, important in memory formation) and increased production of substances such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF , for its acronym in English), which stimulate the production of neurons and synapses. Both neurogenesis and synapse formation improves learning, memory, reasoning and creativity. In addition neuroimaging studies show that the brain circuitry of people who are very good at certain tasks tend to be more efficient (use less energy even while increasing cognitive demand), have more capacity and be more flexible.


One of the most interesting findings in recent years is related to neuroplasticity, that is, how the brain changes its structure and operation as a result of its use. The concentration has a spectacular ability to physically alter the brain and enlarge the functional circuits. In one experiment, the scientists found that when monkeys repeatedly practiced tactile perception of subtle differences, the corresponding brain region expanded in the same way as do the corresponding in people learning to play the violin or to read Braille. Similarly, a region of auditory cortex expands when listening over and over again the same tone (yes, this means that the region of your brain that processes the ringtone of your mobile is gaining ground to neighboring). But, and this is interesting, when the monkeys were playing something and heard tones simultaneously, only the brain area controlling the stimulus in which they were trained to concentrate expanded. In other words, equivalent stimuli (tactile sensations and sounds) produce different results, expanding an area or not, depending only on what you pay attention.
This could explain why the skills that we are already good not make us smarter: do not pay much attention. Rather, start a cognitively demanding activity (ballroom dancing is a good example, cognitively demanding not involve abstract reasoning necessarily, as one might think) is more likely to improve processing speed, strengthen synapses and expand or create networks functional.

Cognitive Enhancement With Stimulants?

Some stimulants like Inteligen, Alpha Brain and Cerebrrin that are readily available (only going to mention caffeine as an example; the rest have very harmful side effects to health and do not want to encourage consumption, or indirectly) have proven cognitive benefits, at least for some people and for tasks determined. These stimulants what they do is raise the level of dopamine in the brain, the neurotransmitter responsible for motivation and feeling of reward. Stimulants we spoke improve both the memory of words memorized as the operation of working memory (key in fluid intelligence). But they do not improve verbal fluency, or reasoning, or abstract thinking and have no appreciable effect on people that a genetic mutation causes have high levels of dopamine.
These limitations suggest two things. First, if you already have naturally high levels of dopamine because you are highly motivated, intake of stimulants will not you be a help when creating the code for the new web page or to give a new approach to your work. Second, motivation and sense of reward can help with memory, but have no effect on the higher-order processes such as abstract thinking.

A “Trick” Used For Cognitive Enhancement

As a corollary we can say that any “trick” to improve confidence and motivation is likely to result in a better capacity to solve problems. In the same vein, a positive attitude can improve creative problem solving, although the underlying mechanism would be different. In this case it is reduced stress and cortisol leading associated (it attacks the myelin covering the axons of neurons and reduces the quality of signal transmission) allowing capabilities already possess give their full potential. There was an experiment that showed both aspects clearly: that tell you that you belong to a demographic group that tests consistently above average makes do better than if you say the group you belong usually have problems; In the first case you have a rush of dopamine that allows you to keep trying until you exit and in the second a flood of cortisol that shorts you.
But there is a difference between reaching your natural potential based on removing impediments such as stress and actually increase that potential. The latter requires resort to one of the most established phenomena in neuroscience: the more you use a circuit, the stronger it becomes. As a result a skill in which you focus and you train, improve, and he even occupy more brain space, with consequent improvements in performance. A graphic example, London taxi drivers who dedicate themselves to memorize the intricate network of 25,000 city streets have a larger than the average London posterior hippocampus (the region responsible for spatial memories). Conversely, if we leave everything to the browser / GPS, we lose.

Cognitive Training

One consequence of this could be that cognitive training (brain training) should increase brainpower. Many studies confirm this, but with an important caveat. Train your memory, your logical thinking or your processing speed improves those skills, but no transfer in the brain training. That is, improve your processing speed does not improve your memory, improve your memory and improve your logic capacity. But it is even more specific task: solving puzzles improve your ability to solve puzzles and no other task.

What works then? Here are three practices that have been shown to improve cognitive performance.

Physical exercise For Cognitive Enhancement

We talk about simple aerobic exercise, such as walking 45 minutes three times a week. This level of activity improves episodic memory and executive control functions around 20 percent. Studies supporting this data has been made in older adults, so it is possible that the results are only applicable to people whose brain physiology has begun to deteriorate (which starts when you have early twenties). Exercise causes the creation of new neurons in the hippocampus region archiving experiences and new knowledge. Also it stimulates production of BDNF, neurotransmitter and gray matter in the prefrontal cortex. Exercise stimulates the production of new synapses, the basis of the efficiency and capacity of the circuits which is reflected in a higher intelligence. There are studies that suggest that exercise can cause a brain connectivity has 70 years of a 30-year, improving memory step, planning, management and multitasking ambiguity. In short, exercise improves general cellular and molecular basis of cognitive abilities, which brings broader benefits that specifically train memory or decision making.

Meditation for Cognitive Enhancement

Meditation can increase the thickness of the regions that control attention processing signals from the senses. Studies show that meditation changes the structure and functioning of the brain so that the processes are more efficient, as we know the basis of an improved intelligence.

Video Games For Cognitive Enhancement

Finally, some video games can improve overall mental agility. Generally those requiring engine, visual search, working memory, long term memory and decision making control. But above all they should require the elixir of neuroplasticity: concentration, specifically the ability to control and direct attention to different tasks. We’re talking about video games whose fundamental basis is the strategy (ideally in real time), with levels of increasing difficulty. We must point out that few games meet these conditions but any, any.

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